02 | 2006
VTT and industry develop emission-free energy technology
Coal combustion emissions in control
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland is developing technology that will
allow fuels including coal to be utilised more efficiently in energy
production; even without emitting any carbon dioxide.
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland is developing technology that will allow fuels including coal to be utilised more efficiently in energy production; even without emitting any carbon dioxide.
In the new technology fossil fuels are combusted with pure oxygen separated from the air. Combustion gas consists mostly of carbon dioxide and water vapour. Carbon dioxide can be liquefied after cooling and stored in geological formations.
VTT is currently studying in co-operation with Foster Wheeler the phenomena relating to oxygen combustion using VTT's test reactors in Jyväskylä. A larger co-operation project, with the objective of demonstrating oxygen combustion technology in the size of 30-50 mega watts is being planned around year 2010.
This technology has major significance for climate change, since about one third of carbon dioxide emissions caused by humans come from fossil fuels in energy production.
Low emissions power plant in progress
A circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boiler functioning with supercritical steam conditions has already been developed in a project coordinated by VTT and funded by the EU. Its carbon dioxide emissions are 15-20 per cent lower than those of traditional boilers. Foster Wheeler Energia Oy, Siemens PG and EnergoProjekt Katowice have been acting as partners in the project.
On the basis of the development work, Foster Wheeler is building the world’s largest CFB boiler of 460 mega watts of electric power in Poland. It is also the first CFB boiler with supercritical steam parameters and once through principle.
As a continuation to the successful co-operation project, a new three-year EU project has just been launched. Its objective is to design a circulating fluidized bed boiler of 800 mega watts of electric power, and for which efficiency will be even better and emissions lower.
- Jouni Hämäläinen
- Technology Manager
- +358 20 722 2529
VTT is an impartial expert organisation. Its objective is to develop new technologies, create new innovations and value added thus increasing customer's competencies. With its know how VTT produces research, development, testing and information services to public sector and companies as well as international organisations.