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Erja Turunen

Current position

Vice President, Research, Smart Industry and energy systems

Education

Academic degrees:

17.12.2005 Doctor of Technology (D.Tech), Helsinki University of Technology, Finland (Tekniikan tohtori, Teknillinen korkeakoulu, Espoo, Suomi)
Thesis: Diagnostic tools for HVOF process optimization

9.6.1999 Licentiate of Technology (PhD), Tampere University of Technology, Finland (Tekniikan lisensiaatti, Tampereen teknillinen korkeakoulu, Suomi)
Materials science: 30 credits
Production engineering: 15 credits
Thesis: Thermal barrier coatings in diesel engine applications

16.9.1994 Master of Science (M.Sc), Tampere University of Technology, Finland (Diplomi-insinööri, Tampereen teknillinen korkeakoulu, Suomi)
Materials science: 45 credits
Production engineering: 30 credits
Industrial economy: 10 credits
Thesis: Protective coating for centrifugal pumps (in Finnish)

Other:

2011-2012 VTT Business Management & Innovation Program, IMD Business School, Switzerland
2010 Value based management (Arvojen mukaiset johtamiskäytännöt) 2010, VTT
2008 Scenario methods, tools and processes (Skenaariotyöskentely – epävarmuuksien ennakointia ja uusia strategisia mahdollisuuksia) 17.-18.9.2008, TKK Koulutuskeskus Dipoli
2006-2007 Industrial Innovation Management (IIM).

Professional and academic experience (experience before graduation not given here)

01/2014 - Vice president Research, Smart industry and energy systems, Professor, VTT

12/2010 - 12/2013 Vice president Strategic research, Applied materials, Professor, VTT

10/2007 – 11/2010 Technology manager for Technology Center Advanced Materials 

01/2006 – 9/2007 Team leader, senior research scientist for research team Materials for demanding conditions, VTT
Deputy Technology Manager for Technology Center Advanced Materials

04/2002 – 12/2005 Senior research scientist in Research group of Surface engineering, VTT
Deputy Group Manager

01/2000 – 03/2002 Research Scientist in Research group of Surface engineering, VTT

11/1998 – 12/1999 Research engineer in Tampere University of Technology, Laboratory of Material Science

08/1997 – 10/1998 Visiting research scientists in Aachen University of Technology, RWTH, Germany

09/1994 – 08/1997 Research engineer in Tampere University of Technology, laboratory of Material Science

06/1992-08/1994 Research assistant in Tampere University of Technology, laboratory of Material Science

Other work experience:
01/2009 - Adjunct Prof. Stony Brook University USA, working location VTT Finland
2005 - Visiting lecturer, Aalto university
06/2001 – 07/2001 Visiting researcher in Stony Brook University, NY, USA
08/1997 – 10/1998 Visiting research scientists in Aachen University of Technology, Germany

International networks

  • H2020 Horizon 2020 Advisory Group Challenge 5 “Climate action, environment, resource efficiency and raw materials
  • A.SPIRE – Sustainable process industry and resource efficiency initiative, member in Board of Directors
  • International energy agency (IEA) - Advanced Materials for Transportation
  • EMIRI – Energy materials industrial research initiative
  • Worlds Materials Research Institutes Forum – WMRIF
  • Partner in Consortium on Thermal Spray Technology co-ordinated by Stony Brook University, USA.
  • European Network of Materials Research Centres, EnMat
  • Participating as an expert for international standardization committee (ISO TC 107 WG1)
  • Invited lectures and visits
    - Key note: Improved Properties with Nanostructured Ceramic HVOF Coatings, Euromat 2007, European Congress and Exhibition on Advanced and Process
    - Dipartimento di Ingegneria dei Materiali e dell’Ambiente, Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia: HVOF spraying of ceramics and improved mechanical properties by nanostructured composite coatings, 04/2006
    - The Surface Protection Conference & Exhibition, Norway, 8-10 November 2005, Development of nanoreinforced HVOF sprayed ceramic coatings
    - Key note: Advanced Thermal Spray Coatings - State-of-Art and Future Prospects Coating Forum 2002, Advanced Coatings against Corrosion and Wear, October 9th-11th, 2002
  • Memberships in professional societies
    - ASM / TSS (Thermal Spray Society)
    - MRS
    - Eumat (European Technology Platform for Advanced Materials and Technologies)
    - Prewin European Network (Performance, Reliability and Emissions Reduction in Waste Incinerators)
  • Evaluation work
    - M.ERA.NET, 2013
    - Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research, 2012
    - MATERA program - EU’s ERA-NET, 2011
    Continuous
    - EU FP5, FP6, FP7 evaluator in Brussels in the field of material technology
    - Evaluator for scientific papers in Surface and Coatings Technology and Journal of Thermal spray Technology.

National networks

  • Aalto AddLab, partnership for Design Driven Manufacturing
  • FIMECC Finish Metal and Engineering knowledge cluster (SHOK) scientific board
  • Steering group for TEKES Green Mining program
  • National defence: Strategic work group for knowledge and critical technologies. (Puolustusvoimien SOKT-työryhmä (Strategiset Osaamiset ja Kriittiset Teknologiat)
  • Matine, (Scientific advisory board for defence), Materials and structures steering committee (deputy chairman)
  • ASM Finland steering committee
  • Advanced materials and processes, Graduate school steering committee
        
  • Teaching
    - From 2005, annually - Helsinki University of Technology: Ruiskutuspinnoitteiden perusluonne ja sovelluskohteet (Basics for Thermal Spraying and potential applications)

Patent applications

  • Process for applying a bonding primer layer, PCT/EP2009/055044, jointly with Siemens
  • Method in preventing oxidation of metals in thermal spraying, FI20095212, EP10748390.1, US13254471, CN201080010476.3, JP2011552482
  • Method for trap chemical elements in thermal sprayed coating FI20095879, PCT/FI2010050164
  • Thermally sprayed amorphous oxide coating FI20105789, PCT/FI2011/050627, EP11803194.7, US13/808101

Awarded papers – best paper

K. Ruusuvuori, M. Oksa, E. Turunen, K. Lahdenperä, Controlled HVOF hard coating removal method, Proceedings of the 2005 WJTA American Waterjet Conference. Marriott Westchase Hotel, Houston, Texas, 21 - 23 Aug. 2005. Session 5B-2. WJTA WaterJet Technology Association. Houston, Texas (2005)

T. Varis, J. Knuuttila, T. Suhonen, U. Kanerva, J. Silvonen, J. Leivo, E. Turunen, Improving the properties of HVOF- sprayed Cr2O3 by nanocomposite powders, Thermal Spray 2008: Thermal spray crossing borders. (Ed.) E. Lugscheider, DVS German Welding Society, ISBN 978-3-87155-979-2, Die Deutsche Bibliothek (2007) p. 452-544

Rewarding

The Magnolia Silver Award, Shanghai Municipal People’s Government

A Peer-reviewed scientific articles

1. K. Holmberg, A. Laukkanen, A. Ghabchi, M. Rombouts, E. Turunen, R.Waudby, T. Suhonen, K. Valtonen, E. Sarlin, Computational modelling based wear resistance analysis of thick composite coatings, Accepted for publication in Tribology International 1.12.2013

2. Oksa, Maria; Turunen, Erja; Suhonen, Tomi; Varis, Tommi; Hannula, Simo-Pekka, Optimization and characterization of high velocity oxy-fuel sprayed coatings: Techniques, materials, and applications, Coatings. MDPI AG. Vol. 1 (2011) No: 1, 17-52

3. Cura, M.E.; Ritasalo, R.; Kanerva, Ulla; Syrén, J.; Oksanen, J.; Lotta, J.; Suhonen, Tomi; Lagerbom, Juha; Söderberg, O.; Turunen, Erja; Hannula, S-P,  Pulsed Electric Current Sintering of TiC- Powders and Effect of Binder Content on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties, World pm2010 international powder and powdrmetallurgy congress and exhibition, Proceedings. Firenze, 10 - 14 Oct. 2010. EPMA (2010)

4. Kanerva, Ulla; Oksanen, J.; Suhonen, Tomi; Varis, Tommi; Liu, X.W.; Ge, Y.; Ritvonen, Tapio; Söderberg, O.; Turunen, Erja; Hannula, S-P, Nano-sized and sub-micron carbide powders for thermal spraying, World pm2010 international powder and powdermetallurgy congress and exhibition, Proceedings. Firenze, 10 - 14 Oct. 2010. EPMA (2010)

5. Hannula, Simo-Pekka; Suhonen, Tomi; Varis, Tommi; Turunen, Erja Challenges in processing and characterization of thermal sprayed coatings. Proceedings of 1st Internationa Conference on Product Property Prediction, Dortmunde, Germany, Technische Universitet Dortmund, April 12-13, 2010. Dormund, Germany 2010, Technische Universitet Dortmund, pp. 129-140

6. Pohjanne, Pekka; Yli-Olli, Sanni; Auerkari, Pertti; Tuurna, Satu; Jauhiainen, Petra; Turunen, Erja; Varis, Tommi; Ruusuvuori, Kimmo; Mäkipää, Martti, Fireside corrosion of superheater materials in oxyfuel combustion, NACE Corrosion 2010, San Antonio, TX, USA, March 14-18, 2010. NACE International. Houston, TX (2010), Paper No. 10200, 14 p.

7. Lagerbom, Juha; Varis, Tommi; Puranen, J; Pihlatie, Mikko; Himanen, Olli; Saarinen, V; Kiviaho, Jari; Turunen, Erja, MnCo2O4 spinel chromium barrier coatigns coatings for SOFC interconnect by HVOF, 9th Liège Conference on Materials for Advanced Power Engineering, Liege, 27 - 29 Sept. 2010. Forschungszentrum Jülich, Université Liège. Liege (2010)

8. Ghabchi, Arash; Khalil-Allafi, J.; Liu X.W.; Söderberg, O.; Turunen, Erja; Hannula, S-P, Effect of aging and solution annealing on transformation and deformation mechanism of super-elastic Ni50.9%-Ti alloy in nano- scale, The 8th European Symposium on Martensitic Transformations - ESOMAT 2009, Prague, Czech (2009), 6 p.

9. Ghabchi, Arash; Varis, Tommi; Turunen, Erja; Suhonen, Tomi; Liu, Xuwen; Hannula, Simo-Pekka, Behavior of HVOF WC-10Co4Cr Coatings with Different Carbide Size in Fine and Coarse Particle Abrasion, Proceedings of the 2009 International Thermal Spray Conference, Nevada, Las Vegas, USA May 4-7 2009 (2009), 415-419

10. Ghabchi, Arash; Varis, Tommi; Turunen, Erja; Suhonen, Tomi; Liu, Xuwen; Hannula, S-P., Behavior of HVOF WC-10Co4Cr Coatings with Different Carbide Size in Fine and Coarse Particle Abrasion, Journal of Thermal Spray Technology. ASM International. Vol. 19 (2009) No: 1-2, 368-377

11. T. Suhonen, T. Varis, E. Turunen, X. Liu, Y. Ge, O. Söderberg, S-P Hannula, The effect of microstructure on mechanical properties of HVOF sprayed WC-CoCr composite coatings, Tribologia. Vol. 28 (2009) No: 1 - 2, 14 - 28 

12. K. Holmberg, E. Turunen, H. Ronkainen, A. Laukkanen, K. Wallin, Computer modelling and simulation approach to developing wear resistant materials, Tribologia, Finnish Journal of Tribology. Suomen Tribologiayhdistys - The Finnish Society for Tribology. Vol. 28 (2009) No: 3-4, 38-43

13. S-P. Hannula, E. Turunen, J. Koskinen and O. Söderberg, Processing of Hybrid Materials for Components with Improved LifeTime, Current Applied Physics 9 (2009) p. 160–S166

14. J. Leivo, T. Varis, E.Turunen, M. Vippola, K. Rissa, U. Kanerva, J. Silvonen, T. Mäntylä: Influence of the elementary mixing scale on HVOF-sprayed coatings derived from nanostructured aluminosilicate/mullite feedstock, Surface & Coatings Technology 203 (2008) 335–344

15. T. Varis, T. Suhonen, K. Ruusuvuori, E. Turunen, The effect of thermal history on properties of WC-CoCr coatings, Thermal Spray 2008: Thermal spray crossing borders. (Ed.) E. Lugscheider, DVS German Welding Society, ISBN 978-3-87155-979-2, Die Deutsche Bibliothek (2008, p. 1042-1044

16. T. Varis, J. Knuuttila, T. Suhonen, U. Kanerva, J. Silvonen, J. Leivo, E. Turunen, Improving the properties of HVOF- sprayed Cr2O3 by nanocomposite powders, Thermal Spray 2008: Thermal spray crossing borders. (Ed.) E. Lugscheider, DVS German Welding Society, ISBN 978-3-87155-979-2, Die Deutsche Bibliothek (2007) p. 452-544

17. G. Bolelli, L. Lusvarghi, T. Varis, E. Turunen, M. Leoni, P. Scardi, C. L. Azanza-Ricardo, M. Barletta, Residual stresses in HVOF- and APS-Deposited Al2O3 and Cr2O3 coatings, Thermal Spray 2008: Thermal spray crossing borders. (Ed.) E. Lugscheider, DVS German Welding Society, ISBN 978-3-87155-979-2, Die Deutsche Bibliothek (2007) p. 990-996

18. Bolelli, Giovanni; Lusvarghi, Luca; Varis, Tommi; Turunen, Erja; Leoni, Matteo; Scardi, Paolo; Azanza-Ricardo, Cristy Leanor; Barletta, Massimilano, Residual stresses in HVOF sprayed ceramic coatings, Surface and Coatings Technology. Vol. 202 (2008) No: 19, 4810 – 4819

19. Varis, Tommi; Knuuttila, J.; Turunen, Erja; Leivo, J.; Silvonen, J.; Oksa, Maria, Improved protection properties by using nanostructured ceramic powders for HVOF coatings, Journal of Thermal Spray Technology. Vol. 16 (2007) No: 4, p. 524-532

20. Markocsan, N.; Nylén, P.; Turunen, Erja; Vuoristo, P.; Wigren, J., Thermal spraying in Europe's Nordic region. Editorial, Journal of Thermal Spray Technology . Vol. 16 (2007) No: 4, 463-464

21. Turunen, Erja; Kanerva, Ulla; Varis, Tommi; Knuuttila, J.; Leivo, J.; Silvonen, J., Nanostructured ceramic HVOF coatings for improved protection, Thermal Spray 2007: Global Coating Solutions. (Ed.) B.R. Marple, M.M.Hyland, Y.-C.Lau, C.-J.Li, R.S.Lima, and G.Montavon. ASM International. Materials Park, Ohio, USA (2007), p. 484-488

22. Bolelli, G.; Lusvarghi, L.; Manfredini, T.; Pighetti Mantini, F.; Polini, R.; Turunen, Erja; Varis, Tommi; Hannula, Simo-Pekka, Comparison between plasma- and HVOF-sprayed ceramic coatings. Part I: microstructure and mechanical properties, International Journal Surface Science and Engineering. Vol. 1 (2007) No: 1, p. 38-61

23. Bolelli, G.; Lusvarghi, L.; Manfredini, T.; Pighetti Mantini, F.; Turunen, Erja; Varis, Tommi; Hannula, Simo-Pekka, Comparison between plasma- and HVOF-sprayed ceramic coatings. Part II: tribological behaviour, International Journal Surface Science and Engineering. Vol. 1 (2007) No: 1, p. 62-79

24. E. Turunen, A. Hirvonen, T. Varis, T. Fält, S.-P. Hannula, T. Sekino and K. Niihara: Application of HVOF Techniques for Spraying of Ceramic Coatings, Adv. in Tech. of Mat. and Mat. Proc. J. (ATM, ISSN 1440-0731), Vol8 [2], 7p (2006)

25. E. Turunen, T. Varis, J.Keskinen, T. Fält, S-P. Hannula, Improved mechanical properties by nanoreinforced ceramic composite HVOF coatings, Advances in Science and Technology Vol. 45, Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland 2006 pp. 1240-1245

26. E. Turunen, J. Keskinen, O. Heczko, P. Lintunen, T. Gustafsson, Y. Ge, M. Arponen, S-P. Hannula, Development of Nanoreinforced HVOF Sprayed Ceramic Coatings, EUROMAT 2005 conference, Advanced Engineering Materials. Vol. 8 (2006) No: 7, 669 – 673, Invited paper

27. T. Manninen, R. Kouhia, E. Turunen, ja S-P. Hannula, Microcrack closure effect on indentation testing of thermally sprayed materials. Teoksessa: von Herzen, R. ja Halme, T. (toim.), Proceedings of the IX Finnish Mechanics Days. Lappeenranta, Finland, 13.-14.6.2006. Lappeenranta: Lappeenranta University of Technology, 2006. pp. 50-60. ISBN 952-214-227-1

28. G. Bolelli, V. Cannillo, L. Lusvarghi, E. Turunen, T. Varis, T. Fält, S.-P. Hannula: Wear Behaviour of APS and HVOF Sprayed Ceramic Coatings, Building on 100 years success, Proceedings of the International Thermal Spray Conference, May 15-18 2006, Seattle, Washington, USA, 6p. in press (reviewed)

29. E. Turunen, T. Varis, J.Keskinen, T. Fält, S-P. Hannula, Improved Mechanical Properties by Nanoreinforced HVOF -Sprayed Ceramic Composite Coatings, Building on 100 years success, Proceedings of the International Thermal Spray Conference, May 15-18 2006, Seattle, Washington, USA, 5p. in press (reviewed)

30. S-P. Hannula, T. Fält, E. Turunen, T. Manninen, Mechanical Properties of Nanocrystalline HVOF Coatings, Materials Science Forum Vols.510-511, eds. Hyung Sun Kim, Yu Bao Li and Soo Wohn Lee, Trans Tec Publications, Switzerland, 2006 pp. 114-117, Invited Key Note Lecture

31. E. Turunen, Diagnostic tools for HVOF process optimization, 2005. VTT Industrial Systems, Espoo. 66 p. + app. 92 p. VTT Publications: 583, ISBN 951-38-6677-7; 951-38-6678-5

32. M. Oksa, J. Kärki, T. Varis, E. Turunen, Corrosion resistance of HVOC coatings in a biofuel boiler plant, EUROCORR 2005 The European Corrosion Congress.Lissabon, 4 -8 Sept. 2005. Book of abstracts and Proceedings (CD-ROM). European Federation of Corrosion (EFC), Portuguese Society of Materials (SPM). Lissabon (2005), 421

33. E. Turunen, T. Varis, T.E.Gustafsson, J. Keskinen, P.Lintunen, T. Fält, S-P. Hannula: Process optimization and performance of nanoreinforced HVOF-sprayed ceramic coatings, Proceedings of 16th International Plansee Seminar, May 30 – June 3 2005, Reutte, Austria (2005), PM43. Vol. 1, pp. 422-433

34. E. Turunen, T. Varis, S-P. Hannula, A. Kulkarni, J. Gutleber, A. Vaidya, S. Sampath, H. Herman: On the role of particle state and deposition procedure on mechanical, tribological and dielectric response of high velocity oxy-fuel sprayed alumina coatings, Materials Science and Engineering A 415 (2006) 1-11

35. E. Turunen, T. Varis, Tom. E. Gustafsson, Jari Keskinen, Teppo Fält and S-P. Hannula: Parameter optimization of HVOF sprayed nanostructured alumina and alumina-nickel composite coatings, Surface and Coatings Technology, 200 (2006) 4987 – 4994

36. S-P. Hannula, E. Turunen, J. Keskinen, T. Varis, T. Fält, T. E. Gustafsson and R. Nowak: Development of Nanostructured Al2O3- Ni HVOF coatings, Key Engineering Materials Vols. 317-318 (August 2006) 539-544

37. E. Turunen, T. Varis, T. E. Gustafsson, J. Keskinen, P. Lintunen, T. Fält, R. Nowak and S.-P. Hannula: Process optimization for nanostructured HVOF –sprayed Al2O3-based ceramic coatings, Key Engineering Materials Vols. 317-318 (August 2006) 545-548

38. M. Oksa, E. Turunen, T. Varis: Sealing of thermally sprayed coatings, Surface Engineering Vol. 20, No.4 (2004) pp. 251-254

39. E. Turunen, T. Varis, K. Vierimaa, , S.-P. Hannula, Spray parameter optimisation and tribilogical properties of thermally sprayed quasicrystalline and partially quasicrystalline coatings Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Eng., 9, 4 (2003) pp. 293-303

40. E. Huttunen-Saarivirta, E. Turunen, and M. Kallio, Influence of Cr Alloying on the Microstructure of Thermally Sprayed Quasicrystalline Al-Cu-Fe Coatings. Intermetallics 11 (2003), pp. 879-891

41. E. Turunen, T. Varis, T. Gustafsson, S.-P. Hannula, E. Antila and M. Gasik, Functionally Graded HVOF Sprayed NiCr-Al2O3 Coatings for Demanding Applications. International Thermal Spray Conference, ITSC 2003, (2003), p. 1531-1534.

42. E. Huttunen-Saarivirta, E. Turunen, M. Kallio; Microstructural Characterisation of Thermally Sprayed Quasicrystalline Al-Co-Fe-Cr Coatings,  Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 354 (1-2), 2003 pp. 269-280

B Non-refereed scientific articles

43. Oksa, Maria; Ahlroos, Tiina; Suhonen, Tomi; Metsä-Kortelainen, Sini; Pelto, Jani; Turunen, Erja, Technological advances for improved properties of high performance implants with biomimetic nanostructures, 13th Ceramic, Cells and Tissues, CCT, Faenza, Italy, 17 - 20 May 2011, Proceedings of the 13th International Meeting and Seminar on Ceramics, Cells and Tissues. Agenzia Polo Ceramico. Faenza, Italy (2012), 7 pp.

44. Turunen, Erja, Applied materials. A tool for a sustainable life, Kemia - Kemi. Vol. 38 (2011) No: 5 , 30-31

45. T. Suhonen, T. Varis, E. Turunen, X. Liu, Y. Ge, O. Söderberg, S-P. Hannula, Modelling the Effect of Microstructure on Mechanical Properties of HVOF Sprayed WC-CoCr Coatings, World Materials Research Institute Forum, Proceedings of the Workshop for Young Materials Scientists (1st International Workshop), ISBN: 978-4-9900563-3-9, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Tsukuba, Japan (2008) 16, p.1-14

46. Yli-Olli S., Tuurna S., Oksa M., Turunen E., Varis T. Hot corrosion and erosion resistance of new coating alloys for biomass and waste boiler heat transfer surfaces, VTT Symposium 247. BALTICA VII. Life management and maintenance for power plants. Vol. 2. Helsinki - Stockholm - Helsinki 12 - 14 June 2007. Veivo, J. & Auerkari, P. (Eds). VTT Espoo (2007), 109-122

47. M. Oksa, S. Mustala, S. Sandlin, E. Turunen, T. Varis, S. Tuurna, Combination of protective coating and temperature monitoring in boilers, VTT Symposium 244. Applied Material Research at VTT. Symposium on Applied Materials. Espoo, Finland, 8 June 2006. Ritschkoff, Anne-Christine, Koskinen, Jari & Paajanen, Mika (Eds.). VTT. Espoo (2006), 166 - 176

48. E. Turunen, T. Varis, T.E. Gustafsson, J. Keskinen, P. Lintunen, P. Lintula, S-P Hannula, Improved mechanical properties by nanoreinforced HVOF-sprayed ceramic composite coatings, VTT Symposium 244. Applied Material Research at VTT. Symposium on Applied Materials. Espoo, Finland, 8 June 2006. Ritschkoff, Anne-Christine, Koskinen, Jari & Paajanen, Mika (Eds.). VTT. Espoo (2006), 188 - 199

49. E. Turunen, T. Varis, S-P. Hannula, J. Keskinen, P. Lintunen, T. Fält: Nanoreinforced HVOF -sprayed ceramic coatings, Thermal Spray Connects: Explore its Surfacing Potential. Proceedings, International Thermal Spray Conference and Exposition (ITSC 2005), Basel, Switzerland, 2-4 May 2005. Publ: 40010 Dusseldorf, Germany; DVS-Verlag, for Deutscher Verband fur Schweissen und verwandte Verfahren; 2005. ISBN 3-87155-793-5. HVOF II. 4 fig., 2 tab., 22 ref.

50. M. Mäkipää, D. Baxter, E. Turunen, M. Oksa, Sulphidation attack of the heat transfer surfaces in boilers: Materials performance and future prospects, VTT Symposium 233. BALTICA VI. Life management and maintenance for power plants. Vol. 1. Helsinki - Stockholm - Helsinki 8 - 10 June 2004. Veivo, J. & Auerkari, P. (Eds). VTT Industrial Systems. Espoo (2004), 209 – 221

51. E. Huttunen-Saarivirta, E. Turunen, and M. Kallio, Microstructural Study on the HVOF-Sprayed Quasicrystalline Al-Cu-Fe Coatings. Proceedings of 54rd Annual Meeting of the Scandinavian Society for Electron Microscopy Scandem 2003 Conference, 10-13 June 2003, Oslo, Norway. 2 pp

52. E. Turunen, T. Varis, S.-P. Hannula, E. Antila and M. Gasik, Functional gradient NiCr-Al2O3 coatings by HVOF. Nordic conference on Powder Technology, Tampere, Feb. 5-6, (2003), p. 32.

G Theses

53. E. Turunen, Diagnostic tools for HVOF process optimization, 2005. VTT Industrial Systems, Espoo. 66 p. + app. 92 p. VTT Publications: 583, ISBN 951-38-6677-7; 951-38-6678-5

Erja Turunen's publications in VTT Publications Register


Additional information

Erja Turunen
Vice President, Research, Smart Industry and energy systems
+358 20 722 5425

Additional information

Erja Turunen
Vice President, Research, Smart Industry and energy systems
+358 20 722 5425