Business and innovation research
In today’s business, new opportunities and innovations are emphasised in addition to cost efficiency and fast changes. Product/service development and production take place in global networks. For a company, it is important to position itself and find a suitable role in these networks. In the research, new methods and tools are developed to support innovation and technology management. One challenge is how to utilise an open innovations approach, for example, in new product development. How to connect service business to a more traditional product-oriented business in a profitable way is an important research theme. Systematic foresight activities help companies to find new opportunities when industries are changing and new industries are developing. Foresight activities must cover technology development in addition to application and market development. Global macroeconomic phenomena may have a strong and rapid influence on the operational environment of companies. An important research subject is also the evaluation methods of technology policy and technology assessment.
Global manufacturing and service business, supply chain management, ecoefficient logistic chains, global sourcing and global project business are already daily challenges for companies. Service innovations and networks may create new business opportunities. Implementation of a service business calls for systematic organisation and management in addition to necessary technologies. The service capability and service culture must also be developed. Mobile services give opportunities for new business models in many applications.
Public service systems and public/private cooperation is a large field where co-development of technologies and service processes is important. The coordination of business models in a multiprovider environment is also a challenge.
The growth and globalisation of innovative companies is necessary in order to maintain the competitiveness of industry and commerce. The agility and transformation of leading companies is important. Open innovation and social media can have a great effect on the activities and operational environment of companies. Intellectual Property Rights in open innovation can change the traditional ways of action. Future models of enterprises can be based on much more open boundaries between companies than we are used to. Future Enterprise is an important research topic.
The fast change of society, business, applications and technologies emphasises the role of foresight. New methods combining impact assessment and foresight help in innovation policy decisions. User-centred innovation policy can change old structures. The experience industry is a new, growing business area that brings a new dimension into innovation policy. Future innovation systems may have totally different building blocks than previous ones.