Ecological footprint in machines and vehicles
We aim to understand and adapt environmental issues to machine and vehicle applications. The general idea is to make it possible to estimate and compare environmental loads (for example CO2 balance) from machine operations. Ways of reducing waste as well as emissions into air and water are also analyzed.
The main objectives are to reduce the adverse environmental impact during a product’s life cycle and to save natural resources. Achieving these objectives normally calls for a variety of development measures which complement each other and stretch across a product’s entire life cycle.
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methods are applied to estimate and optimize the ecological footprint of all kinds of vehicles and machines. Environmental assessment can be divided into development work, which seeks new, more environmentally friendly basic technical solutions, e.g. materials, processes, structures and manufacturing methods, and activities aiming to reduce the adverse environmental impacts of existing structures and basic solutions.
Functional and reliable environmental impact indicators based on LCA will ensure the correct allocation of investments in an ecologically sustainable way. These need to be supported by functional data systems for environmental information, enabling the smooth transfer of information between interest groups.