The TIMES model of VTT is used for the energy system analysis, and the VATTAGE model of VATT for the economic analysis of the Low Carbon Finland 2050 scenarios.

See more about the TIMES energy system model from the website of The Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program (ETSAP) of the IEA.

See more about the VATTAGE model from a publication VATTAGE - A dynamic, applied general equilibrium model of the Finnish economy [PDF].