The results of a research project Roles and liabilities of external designers for the safety of process plants are published in a Guidebook in Finnish language.

An English summary of some of the main points in the Guidelines can be found in the Proceedings of Mary Kay O’Connor Process Safety Center International Symposium 2011, Beyond Regulatory Compliance, Making Safety Second Nature (College Station, Texas, October, 25 – 27, 2011): 
Malmén, Y., Nissilä, M. & Wallin, K.: “Designers’ Roles in Plant Safety go beyond Regulatory Compliance – Case Finland”. Pp. 191 – 198.