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Energiaa monesta eri polttoaineesta korkealla hyötysuhteella

30.01.2007


EU:lta rahoitusta ympäristöystävällisen kiinteäoksidipolttokennotekniikan kehittämiseksi

EU on myöntänyt 5,8 milj. euroa kiinteäoksidipolttokennotekniikkaa (SOFC) kehittävälle yhteistyöhankkeelle. VTT ja sen yhteistyökumppanit kehittävät projektissa sekä paineistamatonta sekä lämmön että sähkön tuotantoon tarkoitettua CHP-laitosta että paineistettua, ainoastaan sähköä tuottavaa laitosta, joka voidaan hybridisoida liittämällä siihen mikroturbiini. Projektissa keskitytään materiaalien, rakenteiden sekä tehokkaiden, luotettavien ja edullisten polttokennojärjestelmien kehittämiseen.

Polttokennot ovat yksi tulevaisuuden keino tuottaa sähköä lukuisiin eri tarpeisiin aina puhelimista autoihin ja taloihin, mutta myös suoraan verkkoon. Polttokenno on laite, joka muuttaa polttoaineen kemiallisen energian suoraan sähköksi. Kolmivuotisen hankkeen kokonaisbudjetti on 11 milj. euroa. VTT on valittu vuoden alussa käynnistetyn hankkeen koordinoijaksi.

Polttokennovoimalaitosten arvioitu menestys perustuu mahdollisuuteen tuottaa sähköä ja lämpöä erittäin tehokkaasti erilaisista polttoaineista kuten maakaasusta, biodieselistä, biokaasusta ja biomassan kaasutuskaasusta. Tavoitteena on aluksi kehittää pieniä 20 - 50 kW:n demonstraatiolaitoksia ja myöhemmin muutaman megawatin hajautettuja sähköntuotantolaitoksia. Laitokset koostuvat 50 – 250 kW:n suuruisista moduuleista. Suuret laitokset kootaan yhdistämällä pienempiä moduuleja.

Kiinteäoksidipolttokennovoimalat ovat maailmalla kiihkeässä kehitysvaiheessa. Uusi, kehitteillä oleva teknologia on arvioiden mukaan esittelyvalmis vuosikymmenen loppupuolella, ja kaupallinen tuotanto on mahdollista noin vuonna 2015.


Hankkeeseen osallistuu yhdeksän tutkimuspartneria: VTT, Wärtsilä Oy, Verteco Oy, Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems, Topsoe Fuel Cells, Bosal, Inmatec ja Jülichin tutkimuskeskus sekä Genovan yliopisto. Suomesta osallistuu lisäksi useita yrityksiä Wärtsilän alihankkijoina.

Konsortion partnerit:

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland is a contract research organisation involved in many international assignments. With its 2700 employees, VTT provides a wide range of technology and applied research services for its clients, private companies, institutions and the public sector. Turnover is 225 million Euro. It serves annually over 5000 domestic and foreign customers. The research covers a broad range of technologies: information & communication, energy, industrial processes and systems, materials and manufacturing, biotechnology and life sciences, as well as building and transport.

Wärtsilä enhances the business of its customers by providing them with complete lifecycle power solutions. When creating better and environmentally compatible technologies, Wärtsilä focuses on the marine and energy markets with products and solutions as well as services. Through innovative products and services, Wärtsilä sets out to be the most valued business partner of all its customers. This is achieved by the dedication of more than 13,000 professionals manning 130 Wärtsilä locations in close to 70 countries around the world.

Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems Limited (RRFCS) is developing solid-oxide fuel cell (SOFC) systems for megawatt scale, stationary power generation applications. The systems will be based on its’ patented, low-cost SOFC technology in combination with specialist turbo-machinery resulting in an SOFC ‘hybrid’.

Topsoe Fuel Cell is a wholly owned subsidiary of Haldor Topsøe A/S. The company is dedicated to development, manufacturing and marketing of solid oxide fuel cells. Topsoe Fuel Cell has a highly skilled technical staff of 40 individuals. Back office services and supplementary technical competences, for instance within fuel processing, is provided by the mother company, Haldor Topsøe A/S. Additional best-in-class technical competence is secured via an exclusive collaboration with Risoe National Laboratory, where 50 employees are engaged in R&D within SOFC.

The Forschungszentrum Jülich (FZJ) is a leading research institution in the European Union with about 4300 staff members. Energy technology is one of the main topics in research, development and demonstrations. This is in the context of the overall research goals “protection of the environment and natural resources” and “economy and safety”. Over the past 15 years, FZJ has been heavily involved in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell programmes as own development subject, in bilateral, European and world-wide cooperations. The Jülich planar SOFC concept has set world records in stack power, operation time and performance with systems developed for stationary combined power and heat systems. Auxiliary power applications in mobile applications are a new development field that is additionally pursued in recent years.

Bosal is one of the world's leading manufacturers of tow bars, complete exhaust systems for passenger cars, catalytic converters, complete exhaust systems for trucks and industrial applications, roof bars and roof racks, jacks and toolkits, cabins, irrigation equipment, precision steel tubing and warehouse racking systems. Established in 1923 in Alkmaar, the group is Dutch registered, headquartered in Lummen, Belgium. The annual turnover in 2005 was in excess of €815 million. The Bosal Group employs more than 6,000 people and has 42 manufacturing plants and 27 distribution centres.

University of Genoa (UNIGE). The Faculty of Engineering in Genova, established in 1870 with programmes in Chemical, Civil, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering introduced in early 1900, is second in the ranking of Italian Faculty of Engineering. The Thermochemical Power Group, TPG, at UNIGE is a joint collaboration between the Department of Machinery and Energy Systems (DIMSET) and the Department of Chemical and Process Engineering (DICHEP). The main research fields at TPG are: gas turbine based cycle design and optimization, fuel cell, fuel processing, hybrid systems modeling and testing, thermoeconomic and environomic analysis. Since June 2004 TPG is the University Technology Centre of Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems Ltd.

Verteco specialises in the most demanding power electronics applications for distributed power generation especially in alternative energy such as wind and sea power. The company concentrates on providing power with consistent high quality and seeks to constantly improve the quality of its power solutions to directly benefit our customers. Verteco creates value that is hard to beat. Because of its sharp focus on power converters, Verteco has a unique perspective by providing enhanced solutions and services to the industry. Verteco provides individually tailored and bespoke solutions to meet the exact needs of every application. Every solution is based on robust inverter technology developed by the leading global specialist in customised AC drives, Vacon Plc.

INMATEC Technologies GmbH. INMATEC was established in the late 1990s to undertake work on ceramic materials development and processing. It has developed expertise in the field of advanced ceramic materials for injected molded parts and extruded parts, this includes the processes for manufacturing feedstock. These materials and processes have been developed for a range of European industries including the automotive industry, where INMATEC has worked with major global automotive businesses, and the medical and electronics industries, again in Europe, but also outside of Europe. INMATEC is an SME located in Germany employing 20 people.

 

 

Lisätietoja

Rolf Rosenberg
Johtava tutkija
020 722 6342