Green ICT is about the use of ICT for environmental sustainability. It thus
includes not only improving environmental efficiency of ICT itself, but also
the use of ICT to make other industries and business domains more sustainable.
The high level goal of green ICT is to eventually decouple the use of natural
resources from economic growth. Achieving this requires new, bold ideas and
concepts that generate major systemic, structural and behavioural changes in
society. Some general principles of the new frugal society are: integrated
activities - “1 joule, two jobs”, waste minimisation and utilisation -“One
man’s trash is another man’s treasure” and physical resource substitution -
“Consumption of products as bits instead of atoms”.
The largest potential for ICT to improve environmental efficiency can be found
in applying ICT in other business domains rather than in ICT itself, because
the ICT sector only accounts for a few percentages of the total energy
consumption. On the other hand, the environmental footprint of the ICT sector
is growing the most rapidly, so it cannot be neglected. Rather, the ICT sector
should lead the way in taking new solutions into practice. The focus on green
ICT is more than just the climate change and low carbon economy, but topics
like efficient use of natural resources, reductions of hazardous substances
(ROHS), and conservation of biodiversity should also be considered.
VTT’s scientific and technological focus on green ICT
focuses on four topics that present our view of the most relevant in terms of
both the impact on environmental sustainability and application opportunities
Environmentally sustainable consumption deals with generation of tools and
incentives for consumers to change their behaviour and to enable making
environmentally sustainable decisions in their daily life.
Energy efficient buildings involve development of new smart metering and smart
grid enabled digital services for diverse stakeholders, from energy companies
Life-cycle efficient production demands more extensive and systemic ways for
utilising ICT in enabling new, more ecological, production paradigms for
making products and services.
Optimised and adaptive networks aim to produce new intelligent network
operations and management solutions for optimising diverse networks in
VTT’s key offering
Sensors and sensor networks
develops novel sensor and sensor network hardware and software for a variety
of applications. We have a long experience on sensor, sensor network and
embedded device R&D, especially regarding wireless sensing. Our measurement
solutions provide information for improving, e.g., energy efficiency and waste
VTT provides advanced technology for the
networks of the future. Our focal topics cover converging networks, network
management, radio systems, and computing platforms. Our technologies and
competences are key enablers of, for example, smart electricity grid
management, intelligent home solutions and remote collaboration.
Modelling, simulation and analysis
VTT is developing models,
simulations, and analysis for better understanding, control, productivity and
sustainability of complex systems. Our R&D is concentrating on industrial
automation and system simulation, data interpretation and information
management. Examples of the solutions that we provide are product life-cycle
assessment, energy consumption monitoring services, and transportation
VTT offers solutions for the complete
lifecycle of software intensive systems development and run-time optimisation.
Our R&D covers the software engineering methods, processes, tools and
architectures, including product and service proof-of-concepts for, e.g.,
mobile and cloud computing solutions. We can contribute to, e.g., life-cycle
efficient software production, hardware substitution, and optimised software
User interaction and user-centered design
VTT is taking
advantage of the emerging user interaction and user-centered design
technologies. We do R&D on context adaptive user interaction, virtual and
augmented reality, information visualisation and human-centred design of
digital services. Our technologies enable, e.g., sustainability services for
consumers, teleconferencing solutions and virtual prototypes.