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Woody biomass based gasification process development for SNG or hydrogen synthesis


VETAANI – SNG and hydrogen from biomass, Final seminar

Date:          Wednesday 09.04.2014

Location:      Itämerenkatu 11 – 13, Ruoholahti (Helsinki) Auditorio Leonardo da Vinci

Welcome to the final seminar of the VETAANI project! The aim of the VETAANI project was the development of gasification process for SNG or hydrogen synthesis. The seminar program consists of presentations of the project main results and presentations from our industrial co-operation partners about recent developments and challenges considering bio-SNG and utilisation of biomass.

The seminar is open to public and free of charge. Registration is now open through the following link: Registration ends on the 31st of March 2014

Seminar agenda

Seminar presentations

WP4: Process evaluations, Ilkka Hannula, VTT
WP1: Indirect gasification and gas filtration, Sanna Tuomi, VTT
- WP2: Gas reforming, Johanna Kihlman, VTT
WP2: Gas reforming, Noora Kaisalo, VTT
WP5: Business evaluations, Jukka Kakkonen, Aalto University
2G2020-project, Ilkka Hiltunen, VTT

Benefits and challenges of bio-SNG production, Sari Siitonen, Gasum
SGC - Catalyzing energygas development for sustainable solutions, Anna-Karin Jannasch, SGC
Biosyngas from forest product industry by-products and residues, Rikard Gebart, Luleå University of Technology
GoBiGas – How to make green gas out of forest residues, Malin Hedenskog, Göteborg Energi
Integrated gasification and nutrient recovery from waste biomass, Ludwig Hermann, Outotec


In the recent years the main R&D objective of the Finnish gasification technology has been the production of transportation fuels from renewable forest biomass. The Finnish BTL process concept is based on oxygen-blown fluidised bed gasification, hot gas filtration and catalytic gas reforming followed by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and final refining to diesel fuel. The process is economically feasible only in a very large scale, at least 300 MW fuel input, and requires efficient energy integration to energy consuming processes, such as a paper mill or an oil refinery. Elsewhere in Europe, especially in the Netherlands, Austria and Sweden, the emphasis of the development has been on the indirect gasification process for synthetic natural gas (SNG) and BTL applications.

In this project the main objective is to study the technical and economical feasibility of 50 – 200 MW size range production of SNG, hydrogen or ultraclean fuel gas. The emphasis of the work is on the technical R&D work on the different steps of indirectly heated steam-blown gasification and gas cleanup processes, especially the cleanup of steam-blown gasification gas. The target process has investment and operating costs that are lower than in oxygen-blown gasification process.

The main applications or products of this process would be:

•  SNG, suitable for pipeline distribution, utilization in NG applications
•  Biohydrogen or hydrogen-methane gas mixture, for example for refineries
•  Clean fuel gas for SOFC power plants
•  Clean fuel gas for combined power production (for NG based IGCC plants, one option for future CCS-power plants)
•  Clean medium-Btu gas for industrial process kilns.

On the other hand, the project also continues studies on the central not well-known phenomena that are common in all gasification processes. These include tar formation in fluidised bed gasification, tar behaviour in hot gas filtration and soot formation in gas reforming. In this way the project continues the work done in the earlier UCG (2004-2007) and UCGFunda (2007-2011) projects. The utilisation of the results is thus not limited only to SNG- or hydrogen -applications; also the development of the BTL-processes and gasification based waste utilisation processes will benefit the achieved results.

In this project basic know-how is created about indirectly heated steam gasification and the effects of the various process parameters:

•  For gas quality
•  For fuel conversion
•  For the behaviour of the produced syngas in gas coolers, filters and in gas reforming unit

The aim is not to develop a new indirectly heated gasifier; instead we are going to study and evaluate the existing technology. The created know-how can be utilized generally in gasification process R&D and in the development and design of a new PDU-scale gasification process.

The project is divided into five tasks:

1. Indirect gasification and gas filtration

1.1 Indirect gasification   
1.2 Hot gas filtration for indirect gasification

2. Gas reforming   

2.1 Externally heated steam reformer   
2.2 Controlling the coking phenomenon

3. Gas ultracleaning and synthesis processes

4. Process evaluations

5. Business evaluations